Interns rotate through two major six-month and two minor six-month rotations throughout the training year, with interns spending approximately three and half days (about 24 hours) per week in a major rotation and approximately one day (about 8 hours) per week in a minor rotation, with the remaining time spent in supervision and other training exercises. OSH-PIP offers the following rotation options.
OSH-PIP offers the following rotation options (with the above noted specifications/exceptions).
- Competency Restoration Program
- Forensic Evaluation Service
- Geropsychology Program
- Guilty Except for Insanity (GEI) Program
*Available as a major or minor
The competency restoration program serves clients (male and female) who have been committed to the hospital by a circuit court judge pursuant to Oregon Revised Statute 161.370 as incompetent to proceed to court (also referred to as unable to aid and assist). Services provided are focused on identifying clients’ barriers to competency and aiding in their restoration to competency. Once deemed competent to proceed (by a certified forensic evaluator from OSH’s Forensic Evaluation Service), clients typically return to their committing county jail in order to proceed with their legal case. Many of these clients present with acute symptoms of mental illness and/or cognitive impairments that interfere with their factual and rational understanding of the legal proceedings against them. Challenging personality disorders, substance use disorders, and response style issues (e.g. overreporting, underreporting) are also common.
Interns who choose a rotation within the competency restoration program are provided with a strong focus on clinical interviewing and psychological assessment (e.g. testing for psychopathology, personality, cognition, response style). Additionally, interns attend daily nursing report meetings as well as regular Interdisciplinary Treatment Team meetings, develop and implement behavioral management plans, and carry out group and individual interventions with a focus on addressing barriers to competency. Opportunities may become available to attend court hearings and observe competency evaluations.
*Available as a major or minor
The Forensic Evaluation Service (FES) completes outpatient and inpatient court-ordered evaluations for counties across Oregon pursuant to Chapter 161 of the Oregon Revised Statute. Orders primarily involve initial competency to stand trial (CST) evaluations pursuant to ORS 161.365 for clients residing in county custody for one-day evaluations at the hospital or evaluations pursuant to ORS 161.370 for clients residing at the hospital and already determined incompetent to proceed by the court. Additional orders involve criminal responsibility and diminished capacity evaluations.
Interns who choose a rotation within FES will have the opportunity to participate in the evaluation process including and not necessarily limited to record review (hospital records, police reports, collateral records), contacting collateral sources, interviewing, administering and interpreting psychological testing, and report writing as well as the possibility of witnessing and/or offering testimony. Interns may also screen clients already admitted to OSH for evaluation readiness. As the rotation progresses, the interns’ responsibility for aspects of the evaluation process will increase based on experience and skill. By the end of the rotation, the supervisor may submit some (or all) of the intern’s completed work to the Court with a co-signed report. In this rotation, the intern will work with a primary supervisor, but will also observe and work with the other evaluators in the department. Interns will receive at least one hour of individual supervision per week.
*Available as a major or minor
The Geropsychology program provides care and treatment to older adults with severe and persistent mental illness, traumatic brain injuries, and disease processes known to affect the central nervous system. Clients in this program demonstrate a wide range of neurocognitive disorders along with chronic medical problems that require substantial nursing care needs and medical monitoring. Due to the complexity of this client population, there is a heavy emphasis on understanding the relationship between physical and mental health. Interns who choose a rotation within this program have the opportunity for individual and group therapy, neuropsychological assessment, and interdisciplinary consultation. Interns also participate in the development of treatment plans that address very specific biopsychosocial needs through an integrative, interdisciplinary approach with a goal of helping patients return to a less restrictive environment.
*Available as a major or minor
Clients within this program have been adjudicated GEI and committed to the hospital due to the ongoing risk they pose to themselves or others. In addition to those who have recently been found GEI, this population includes those who have had their conditional release revoked (e.g., due to their level of dangerousness in the community, increase in difficult to manage symptoms). Most individuals are admitted to one of the two acute stabilization units, where the focus is on initial assessment, treatment care plan development, psychiatric and behavioral stabilization, and treatment engagement in preparation to move forward within the hospital setting. Individuals who demonstrate stable behavior, who refrain from verbal and physical aggression, and who engage in treatment may transfer to one of several step-down units focused on preparing individuals to request and use privileges and eventually move forward to community placement. Some individuals who have shown psychiatric and behavioral stability in the community or in a jail setting may be admitted directly to one of these lower-acuity units. The goal of these units is to help clients achieve their highest level of health, safety, and independence as they prepare for discharge or conditional release to a community setting. Often at this point in treatment, mental illness is stable and the focus is on personality and substance use problems and relapse prevention planning.
Interns who choose a rotation within the GEI program participate in a variety of direct care services, including assessment regarding various diagnostic and treatment questions, co-leading group treatment focused on the development of skills to help regulate emotional and cognitive functioning, and individual treatment to help strengthen coping skills and help clients deal with their circumstances. In addition, interns attend daily nursing report meetings as well as regular Interdisciplinary Treatment Team meetings. Opportunities are sometimes available for didactic and practical experience in specific areas such as violence risk assessment and functional assessments of behavior. Opportunities may be available to attend court hearings and other meetings regarding client privileges as well as readiness for conditional release planning.
Minor Clinical Rotations
*In additional to the above rotations available as a major or minor, the following rotations are available as minors only.
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Psychosis (CBTp) Program
- Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) Program
- Neuropsychology Assessment Program
- Psychotherapy Program
- Risk Assessment Program
- Sex Offender Treatment Program
- Sex Offender Risk Assessment Program
The focus of this rotation will be on proving individual treatment (CBT for psychosis specifically) for patients on one of our incompetent to proceed units. Time spent on this rotation will also include related documentation and participation in relevant multi-disciplinary treatment team meetings. Interns will learn how to apply and adapt the CBT model in order to provide effective, person-centered treatment to residents at the hospital struggling with psychosis. Interns will learn how to create dynamic case conceptualizations and utilize these conceptualizations to guide treatment (i.e. individual therapy). Interns will be expected to provide individual CBTp to at least two residents in the hospital and co-facilitate a CBTp group (e.g. “coping with voices”, “coping with paranoia”) in the hospital’s “aid and assist” treatment mall. Interns will also learn how to tailor their treatment to specific programs (e.g. addressing barriers to competency in the “aid and assist” program, risk mitigation in the GEI program, etc.). Interns will be expected to share their case conceptualizations and progress of therapy with their residents’ treatment teams and participate in their residents’ interdisciplinary treatment team meetings, when possible. A background in CBT is helpful but not required. Supervision will involve recorded sessions.
The focus in the DBT program is on assessment and provision of treatment for individuals diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder. People with other diagnoses may also participate in the program if they experience difficulty with emotion regulation, interpersonal effectiveness, non-suicidal self-injurious behavior, or suicidal ideation and attempts. Members of the Interdisciplinary Treatment Team have typically been intensively trained by clinicians from Behavioral Tech (founded by Dr. Linehan) or by Portland DBT (directed by Dr. Dimeff). Direct-service aide-level staff receive four hours of formal didactic training monthly, and interns can lead some parts of this training. In addition, interns participate in co-leading skills groups, individual therapy, and treatment team meetings focused on individual clinical and programmatic issues.
Clinical experiences will occur across OSH and PDBTIS and will primarily involve co-leading groups at OSH and Portland DBT Institute of Salem (PDBTIS), participating in consultation team at OSH, didactic training, and supervision including live supervision. Dr. Porter, from the clinic, will provide education (e.g., assigned readings), training (e.g., role playing teaching a skill in preparation to provide group treatment under supervision, direct client contact), and supervision (including standard and live supervision through co-leading a clinic group). OSH staff, currently Brian Chapman, MA, will provide secondary supervision of the intern and their OSH clinical duties. Mr. Chapman’s duties will include teaching the intern to navigate OSH medical records including the electronic medical record, co-leading a OSH DBT-based group(s) including preparation for the group and check-ins following the group (as is already a mechanism of OSH’s DBT program), supervise and co-sign group OSH group notes, and provide feedback about intern progress in OSH responsibilities on a weekly (and as needed) basis to Dr. Porter, who will provide tiered supervision to Mr. Chapman. Individual skills training may also be a component of the minor rotation as the opportunity, time, supervisor availability, interns’ skills and abilities, and the acuity of the patient allows.
The Neuropsychology Assessment program offers neuropsychological consultative services to units and Interdisciplinary Treatment Teams across the hospital, including those serving clients of various commitment types. Interns who select a Neuropsychological Assessment rotation gain experience in the practice of clinical neuropsychology in a forensic inpatient psychiatric setting. In addition to developing the intern’s understanding of the practice standards in clinical neuropsychology, this rotation focuses on increasing the intern’s familiarity with brain-behavior relationships and the methods and measurements utilized to assess brain functioning, from the initial neurobehavioral exam to more advanced assessment instruments. Additional attention is given to the role of the neuropsychological consultant within the hospital setting, appreciation for the complex utilization of the literature to advance knowledge and analysis of assessment and behavioral data, the development of skills in the communication of results and recommendations through the report and providing feedback to staff and clients. This rotation can be adapted for interns with only beginning experience in neuropsychological assessment who are interested in obtaining preliminary training to augment a more generalist orientation or tailored to more advanced students who may be pursuing future training and practice in neuropsychology. *Neuropsychological Assessment is a non-unit-based rotation.
The psychotherapy minor rotation will provide the predoctoral intern with the opportunity to specifically focus on the practice of providing individual psychotherapy treatment to individuals with severe mental illness (SPMI) in an inpatient setting. In this rotation, interns function as a consultative treatment provider to treatment teams who specifically have requested individualized treatment through 1-to-1 focused psychotherapy to aid the patient in meeting treatment goals. Interns will carry a caseload of 5-6 clients, write individual psychotherapy notes, provide updates to the treatment team during interdisciplinary team meetings (IDTs), and construct brief case conceptualizations and treatment plans. Students will be supported in developing and implementing their preferred theoretical modality provided there is theoretical and empirical support for use with this population; however, additional clinical and theoretical training will be provided in conceptualizing psychotherapy cases from a multimodal perspective, with particular attention to contemporary psychodynamic, neurodevelopmental, systems, and trauma-informed lenses. Supervision will focus on robust conceptualization, and formulation and implementation of an evidenced-based individual treatment plan, while considering and responding to cultural and ethical factors affecting individual treatment in an inpatient setting. Furthermore, supervision will be process oriented as well as pragmatic in order to explore psychotherapy and parallel dynamics occurring in the course of treatment, and will at times incorporate live and video observation, as well as use of transcription of therapy narratives. *Psychotherapy Program is a non-unit-based rotation.
Following GEI adjudication, patients are placed under the jurisdiction of the Psychiatric Security Review Board whose primary mission is protection of the public. As such, assessment of risk for violence, formulation of violence risk factors, and development of risk management strategies are important tasks for psychologists. Assessment of risk is provided throughout various programs, but several psychologists with advanced interest and training in risk assessment conduct comprehensive violence and other risk assessments when clinically indicated or when these assessments are required prior to an individual being conditionally released. Interns who select a rotation in Risk Assessment learn more about risk, risk assessment, and associated issues such as psychopathy. *Risk Assessment is a non-unit-based rotation.
While the Sexual Offending Treatment Program (SOTP) offers consultation, evaluation, and treatment services to patients across the hospital, interns in the SOTP treatment rotation will work primarily with GEI patients in the Bridges/Pathways programs. Interns interested in this rotation will gain an understanding of evidence-based treatment for sex offenders, including the Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers (ATSA) practice and ethical guidelines. Interns will learn about the Risk Needs Responsivity (RNR) principles and their application to sex offense specific treatment in a forensic, inpatient setting. In doing so, interns will have opportunities to provide sex offense specific treatment in both individual and group formats. Group therapy will include co-facilitating or leading current sex offense specific groups, as well as the development of a new dynamic risk factor group based on patient needs. Finally, interns will carry a small caseload and will gain experience in a consultation role, collaborating with patient(s) IDTs to inform them of concerns, progress, and ongoing treatment planning. This rotation will be best suited for those with a solid foundation in group and individual interventions and interest in sex offense specific treatment. Please note that this minor rotation is heavily focused on sex offense specific treatment. Opportunities to observe Psychosexual Evaluations may be available; however, this is not guaranteed. For those who are primarily interested in assessment and evaluation, please refer to the minor sexual/violence risk assessment rotations.
The Sexual Offense Treatment Program (SOTP) serves OSH patients with histories of sexually problematic behavior. In many cases, these patients have a current GEI adjudication for a sexual offense, but patients may also be referred to SOTP for historical sexual offenses or sexually problematic behavior in the absence of a formal sexual offense. A vital component of SOTP is risk assessment, as these assessments determine not only a patient’s projected likelihood of sexual re-offense, but also individualized case formulation and recommendations for treatment and risk management. Interns who choose this rotation will gain experience in the practice of sexual risk assessment in a forensic inpatient psychiatric setting, with a focus on record review, clinical interview, appropriate assessment tools, case formulation, and individualized risk management strategies. This experience will also include familiarity with seminal research in the field, interdisciplinary consultation, observation of relevant hearings, and invitations to attend community trainings and workshops. *Sex Offender Risk Assessment is a non-unit-based rotation.